Osho – Western Psychology vs. Eastern Spirituality

oshoOsho – who was a widely followed Indian guru from the 60s-80s – brings up some very interesting and insightful points about the differences between Western psychology and Eastern spirituality’s approach to changing man. Osho correctly states that Western psychology’s aim is to fortify the individual’s ego so that he may become less neurotic, slightly happier and ultimately function ‘better’ in society. He says that in the East, the goal is instead to dissolve the ego rather than strengthen it.

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Psychology 101 – Development II: Social Development

schoolThis is part 2 of the 2 parter on human development. This post focuses on social development, which are changes in interpersonal thought, feeling and behaviour throughout the life span. We will journey through the different relationships people form throughout life, from intimate attachments in infancy through to adulthood, to sibling and peer relationships; the development of beliefs and feelings about themselves and others; and the way these beliefs and feelings about themselves and others; and the way these beliefs and feelings are expressed in different social contexts.

By the end of this post on Psychology 101, you should be able to:

  1. Explain the importance of attachment in early development
  2. Describe the socialisation process
  3. Describe the role of peer relationships in social development
  4. Explain how social cognition develops across the life span
  5. Distinguish between the different theories of moral development
  6. Describe how social development continues throughout life.

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Psychology 101 – Development I: Physical and Cognitive Development

development

You’ve grown up so fast!

The following is Part 1 of a 2 part series on development. Part 1 focuses on physical and cognitive development in humans; we will begin by exploring three basic issues. Firstly, we will discover the extent that the development process is the product of either nature or nature. Secondly we will discuss evidence for critical periods in psychological development. And finally, we will consider whether development occurs in stages or in a continuous, gradual change. After all of this, I will outline the most important psychological model of development that we have in cognitive psychology – Piaget’s theory of cognitive development.

By the end of this post on Psychology 101, you should be able to:

  1. Describe some of the basic issues in developmental psychology
  2. Distinguish between the three main types of research design used by developmental psychologists
  3. Describe how physical development occurs across the life span and discuss its impact on psychological functioning
  4. Describe how perceptual and cognitive development occurs in infancy, childhood and adolescence

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Psychology 101 – Motivation

motivationThis post in the Psychology 101 series focuses on motivation, the driving force behind behaviour which leads us to pursue some things and avoid others. Firstly we will take a broad approach and examine each of the major perspectives on motivation ranging from the psychodynamic to the evolutionary model. Finally we will zoom in a little and consider some of the most important individual motives that guide human behaviour.

By the end of this post on Psychology 101, you should be able to:

  1. Distinguish among the different theoretical perspectives on motivation
  2. Describe how eating behaviours are regulated
  3. Describe how sexual motivation involves hormones and social and cultural factors
  4. Distinguish between the two clusters of psychological motives

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Psychology 101 – Language

languageLanguage needs no introduction, as it speaks for itself…

Language is the system of symbols, sounds, meanings and rules established by society and is the primary mode of communication for humans. This post will begin by considering the ways language and thought shape each other. Then we will examine the elements of language, how people use it in everyday life, and how children acquire the capacity to think and communicate with words. In so doing, we enter into one of the most intriguing debates in all of psychology: the extent to which the capacity to acquire language is innate. The post will conclude by considering whether we are alone among species in the capacity to use symbols to think.

By the end of this post on Psychology 101, you should be able to:

  1. Describe language and outline its basic elements
  2. Explain how language develops.

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Psychology 101 – Thinking and Reasoning

thinkingThis part of the Psychology 101 series of posts is about thought and reasoning – the ways we transform and manipulate mental representations to navigate our way through life. Thoughts manifest, and the power of thoughts should not be underestimated. This is why it is such a big area of interest in the field of psychology. The following post will explore the basic units of thought, such as mental images and concepts, and the way people manipulate these units to reason, solve problems and make decisions. Next we examine implicit and everyday thinking, exploring how people solve problems and make judgements outside of awareness, often relying on emotion as well as cognition.

By the end of this post on Psychology 101, you should be able to:

  1. Describe the various units of thought
  2. Distinguish between reasoning, problem solving and decision making
  3. Describe the implicit cognition in everyday thinking.

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